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Happy Juneteenth ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ

The Emancipation Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln was official on January 1, 1863. It proclaimed that slavery was no longer legal in the United States and all enslaved were free. Many slaves did not know the wonderful news but were soon aware of it when black Union soldiers came upon their properties and showed them the papers – they were indeed free.

But even though the President signed the Emancipation Proclamation, freedom was not free in some areas of our country.

Due to the Confederacy still having control of the South, the Emancipation Proclamation would not be implemented in the Southern States.

The Civil War had come to an end in April 1865 and the Union had defeated the Confedracy.

Because of the vast far distance of the (once)confederate State of Texas, those that were enslaved didnโ€™t have any knowledge of their freedom until a few months after the war had ended.

Finally, on June 19, 1865, about 2000 Union troops arrived in Galveston Bay, Texas and announced that the enslaved in the state were free by executive decree. This day became known as Juneteenth and also โ€œFreedom Dayโ€ because it was the day all were free in Texas.

Slavery was still legal in parts of the US in the Union border States, until

December 6, 1865, when ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment finally abolished non-penal slavery nationwide.

The first celebrations for Juneteenth began in Texas in 1866 and the celebrations soon followed in the South and the day became a special holiday to commemorate the end of slavery in the US.

Happy Juneteenth! Let Freedom ring! ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ

(Photos of Juneteenth celebration in 1900 in Texas. Photo credit: Austin History Center)

Flag Day ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ

Today in American history…The Continental Congress adopts a resolution on June 14, 1777, stating that โ€œthe flag of the United States be thirteen alternate stripes red and whiteโ€ and that โ€œthe Union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation.โ€

Happy Birthday, Mrs Washington ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ

“I am determined to be cheerful and happy in whatever situation I may find myself. For I have learned that the greater part of our misery or unhappiness is determined not by our circumstance but by our disposition.โ€

– Martha Washington

Happy Birthday, Mrs Washington! Born today on June 13, 1731 in Kent County, Virginia ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ

Today in History…

Today in history…Anne Frank was born on June 12, 1929.

โ€œIn the long run, the sharpest weapon of all is a kind and gentle spirit.โ€ (Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl)

Today in American History…

Today in American History…George H.W. Bush, our 41st President was born on June 12, 1924 in Milton, MA.

In other official roles prior to his Presidency, President Bush also served:

– in the U.S. House of Representatives (Texas, 7th District)

– as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations

– Chairman of the Republican National Commitee

– Director of the Central Intelligence Agency

and as our 43rd U.S. Vice President under President Ronald Reagan