Archive | March 2017

The Historical Traveler Visits The Surratt House and Museum

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It was a strange and surreal day when I visited The Surratt House, only a few miles outside of Washington, DC  in the town of Clinton, Maryland. It was a rainy day and it was foggy when I arrived at the house. A few weeks ago, when I visited Fords Theater, I decided to visit the former home of Mrs. Mary Surratt who is one of the most likely misunderstood and vilified women in history.  Her story is so intriguing and fascinating and I just wanted to see for myself where she one lived and to try to figure out what brought a simple wife and mother to the hangman gallows in Washington, DC on July 7, 1865.

Mrs. Mary Surratt holds has a unique and infamous role in American history as the first woman put on trial and then sentenced to death in a military court. This was, of course, due to her questionable involvement in the plot to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln. Although friends and family testified at her trial that she was a good Christian woman who was not involved in all with the conspiracy to kill President Lincoln, Mary Surratt, along with three other men, were executed by hanging for treason. The only offense committed by Mrs. Surratt was being the owner of the boarding house where the real conspirators planned the attack on President Lincoln’s life.IMG_6248

The exterior of the Surratt House (photo credit: The Historical Traveler)

Mary Surratt’s parents had owned a farm, which she later inherited along with her husband, John Surratt. The Surratt’s also invested in a town house on H street (located near Ford’s Theatre) and converted their other home (in what was called Surrattsville) into a tavern due to it’s convenient location to major cities including Washington, DC.

The Surratt’s had three children: Isaac, Susanna, and John Jr.

The tavern did more than serve drinks to visitors. Guests could also vote here, pick up their mail, and have a warm dinner and lodging overnight for a decent fee.

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The Bar with the Post Office Slots (Photo Credit: The Historical Traveler)

(Interesting fact: People used to pay to pick up their mail. In an effort to save money, peers would tell whom they were writing to that receiving a letter was enough to signal their safety, and there was no need to spend money to pick up their mail. This led to the usage of postage stamps, where you had to pay money to send mail rather than receive it.)

Upon her husband’s death, Mary Surratt turned the tavern over to John Lloyd while Mary took Susanna and John Jr. to live in their boarding house in Washington, DC.

The tavern formerly owned by Mary Surratt was restored in the 1970’s, but maintains furniture all from the period. There are two original pieces still in the house now: the round table and Mrs. Surratt’s French writing desk.

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the round table and Mrs. Surratt’s French writing desk (Photo Credit: The Historical Traveler)

A unique feature of the house, which was uncommon for the time, is the kitchen addition to the house. Most kitchens were separate attachments to prevent house fires, but the Surratt’s had a tin burner that reduced the chances of a house fire significantly.

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Kitchen in the Surratt House (Photo Credit: The Historical Traveler)

(Interesting fact: windows and doorframes are blue in the kitchen because at the time, it was believed that flies and other insects would not cross over due to their confusion of thinking it was the sky)

When the house was restored and converted to the museum it is now, a public bathroom had to be built. Mr. and Mrs. Surratt’s bedroom was turned into a bathroom and the room where Isaac and John Jr. slept is made to look like Mr. and Mrs. Surratt’s bedroom.

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Bedroom made to look like Mr. and Mrs. Surratt’s (Photo Credit: The Historical Traveler)

Before that fateful April night in 1865, John Wilkes Booth made a request of Mary Surratt to bring a package to her old tavern, upon learning of visiting John Lloyd. Around the same time, two carbine rifle were hidden in the attic of the house. John Wilkes Booth took one rifle after escaping from Washington, DC and the other was recovered by Lloyd and investigators after having fell through the rafters.

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picture of attic and rifle on the side of the door, where it initially was hidden (Photo Credit: The Historical Traveler)

The trial of Mary Surratt was controversial for several reasons.  Despite testimony from peers and neighbors who claimed she was a good Christian woman, she was sentenced to death by a military court, causing more controversy because people felt that it was unjust for the military to convict her when women weren’t permitted to enlist. People felt that the only crime she committed was that she was the owner the property where the conspirators met and hatched the assassination plot.

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The Conspirators

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Picture of the four executed conspirators. Mrs. Surratt is on the far left with the rope around the bottom of her waist.

(Interesting Fact: Traditionally a noose was wrapped around the neck 8 times of the men about to be put to death. Because Mary Surratt was a woman, they only wrapped the rope 5 times because they believed that she most likely was not going to be executed because after all – she was a woman and women didn’t get put to death.  This had never happened in US history until then)

Mary Surratt is buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery in Washington D.C. However, her gravesite is not marked per request of her family.

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I’ve merely skimmed the surface with information that is available only at the Surratt House. I thoroughly enjoyed every minute there as a follow up to Fords Theater. The tour guides are very knowledgeable and can answer any questions. Tickets are very inexpensive too. They offer senior and student discounts too! To plan your trip and learn more about the first woman ever executed by the U.S. Federal Government, visit the Surratt House Museum.

 

 

 

 

 

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Happy Birthday, James Madison!

Today in American history…James Madison was born on March 16, 1751. He was the fourth President of the United States. Mr. Madison was also an American statesman and also one of our founding fathers. He is ultimately known as the “Father of the Constitution” for his role in drafting and promoting the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Oh and he was married to the fabulous Dolley Madison. Happy Birthday, Mr. Madison!

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In the Kitchen Today ~ Civil War Gingerbread

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Today has been the perfect day for baking. It’s a cold, snowy day and all in world (at least in my area) has come to a halt. It is quite peaceful and wonderful to get off of the “hamster wheel of life” and just hang out in pajamas, fireplace on…watch old movies on Netflix and of course for me…to bake!

Being that I am snowed in today, I had to rummage for things in the pantry that I could use for baking today and was excited that I had all to make gingerbread!

Gingerbread was a popular staple for the soldiers during the Civil War.  Molasses was so much cheaper to use than sugar and so a lot of gingerbread was consumed during this time.  Gingerbread was sent to the soldiers via care packages (along with socks) from their loved ones and I envision that they must have loved receiving this wonderful cake made with much love from home. It tastes better than hardtack that’s for sure!

I found a wonderful recipe from The Urban Homemaker which was quite easy to make – and I am all about simplicity.  No offense to Martha Stewart but…I need simple and uncomplicated recipes!

Happy Snow Day!

Coleen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today in American History…Abigail Fillmore was Born

Abigail Fillmore was born on March 13, 1798. She was the wife of our 13th president, Millard Fillmore. Abigail Fillmore had a lifelong passion for books and learning and shared this passion with her husband. One fun fact about her is that her husband was her former pupil when she taught at New Hope Academy in New York. She also supposedly encouraged her husband to veto the Fugitive Slave Law/Act (which in turn may have cost him a second term) #womenshistorymonth #potus #flotus #abigailfillmore #thehistoricalhomemaker #thehistoricaltraveler

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Today in American History…Jane Pierce is Born

Jane Pierce was born today in 1806. She was married to our 14th President: Franklin Pierce.

“I have known many of the ladies of the White House, none more truly excellent than the afflicted wife of President Pierce. Her health was a bar to any great effort on her part to meet the expectations of the public in her high position but she was a refined, extremely religious and well educated lady.” – Mrs Robert E. Lee (the portrait is Mrs Pierce with her only surviving child, Benny, who tragically died in a train accident directly before his fathers inauguration)

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